The Change of the Decision Making Proces in Transport Infrastructure Development in Transition Economies

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The Change of the Decision Making Proces in Transport Infrastructure Development in Transition Economies

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Title: The Change of the Decision Making Proces in Transport Infrastructure Development in Transition Economies
The Case of Myanmar
Author: Sønderskov, Rasmus
Abstract: The thesis is concerned with the process of transition. The focus is on the change of decision making in transport infrastructure development. A holistic analytical model is used to structure the analysis of the decision making process. Niels Mygind’s PIE-Model is extended to include International Relations, and thus become a PIE-I Model. The four dimensions analyzed to understand the transition is Institutions, Politics, Economy and International Relations. The analysis are mostly based the theory and literature on Political Economy, Transition Economy, Transport Economy and Civil-Military Relations. Myanmar is used as a case study. In order to answer the problem statement, of how the decision making process in transport infrastructure development change in transition, three sub-research questions is developed. These divide the analysis into three separate parts in relation to the time period. First decision making prior to transition, next decision making post transition, and finally future decision making. Experience from other transition countries are taken into account in the last mentioned analysis. This is done in order to try to predict the future decision making in infrastructure development in Myanmar. The thesis finds that all dimensions analyzed in the PIE-I Model change during transition. Most significant is the importance of international relations. International Organizations have a major influence on the development of infrastructure, the Asian Development Bank in Southeast Asia and the EU in the former soviet Central Eastern Europe, both mostly through funding of projects. Furthermore the implementation of market economy changes the nature of demand. Domestically demand becomes responsive to market forces and foreign demand becomes determinant on comparative advantages. This changes the trade patterns and the commodity composition of the country, which on the other hand changes the country infrastructure needs.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10417/4779
Date: 2014-11-14
Pages: 92 s.
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